January is a dormant period for the peony, when transplanting operations can be carried out, but great attention must be paid to the state of the soil and if frozen, such operations should be avoided. The risk is that the roots will not come into correct contact with the soil and thus not get the necessary nourishment. Bare root plants can survive out of the soil for several days until the soil thaws, in an airy place and with some sand or moss to protect their roots. Peonies do not fear the low temperatures of this month. On the contrary, cold dry winters are the ideal conditions for this plant. Many species in fact are originally from high altitudes in which temperatures fall well below freezing. In this period in which the plant is bare, snow does not represent a problem.